Sa Pa is a frontier township and capital of Sa Pa District in Lào Cai Province in north-west Vietnam. It was first inhabited by people about whom nothing is known. They left in the entire valley hundreds of petroglyphs, mostly composed of lines, which experts think date from the 15th century and represent local cadastres. Then came the highland minorities of the Hmong and Yao. The township is one of the main market ones in the area, where several ethnic minority groups such as Hmong, Dao (Yao), Giáy, Pho Lu, and Tày live. These are the four main minority groups still present in Sa Pa district today. The Kinh (lowland Vietnamese) never originally colonised this highest of Việt Nam’s valleys, which lies in the shadow of Phan-Xi-Pǎng (Fansipan, 3143 m), the highest peak in the country. Sa Pa is also home to more than 200 pieces of boulders with ancient engravings. The "Area of Old Carved Stone in Sapa" has been in the UNESCO tentative list since 1997.
It was only when the French debarked in highland Tonkin in the late 1880s that Sa Pa, name of the Hmong hamlet, with "S" is pronounced almost as hard as "Ch" in French, "Sh" in English, "S" in standard Vietnamese, so Chapa as the French called it, began to appear on the national map. Near to the now Sa Pa townlet is "Sa Pả commune", which shows the origin in Hmong language of the location name.[a]
In the following decade, the future site of Sa Pa township started to see military parties as well as missionaries from the Société des Missions Etrangères de Paris (MEP) visit. The French military marched from the Red River Delta into the northern mountainous regions as part of Tonkin's ‘pacification’. In 1894-96 the border between China and Tonkin was formally agreed upon and the Sa Pa area, just to the south of this frontier, was placed under French authority. From 1891 the entire Lào Cai region, including Sa Pa, came under direct colonial military administration so as to curtail banditry and political resistance on the sensitive northern frontier.
Day1 1: 8th Sep Hanoi Departure
Our tour will be started around 6:45am to 7:00am at the lobby of the hotel. Limousine van will pick you up for journey to go to Sapa, you will arrive in sapa about 12.30pm
Your tour guide will pick you up and take you to restaurant for Lunch, you can send luggage at the hotel before you start your trekking to village, one of the most beautiful landscape in Vietnam!
Sapa - Y Linh Ho - Lao Chai– Tavan (B, L, D)
then walking down to the south east of Sapa along the side of Muong Hoa valley to Y Linh Ho village of the Black H’mong. Continue on 2km of trekking down to Lao Chai village of the H’mong.
Visit Hmong local family, and then walk through terraced rice fields to Ta Van village of the Dzay minority people where we stay for the night. It gives you a worth chance for you to learn about the local house architecture which is full of their daily life styles and exclusive custom. Enjoy the landscapes. Overnight at the Dzay local house
Day 2: 10th Sep: Ta Van – Giang Ta Chai – Sapa ( B, L)
Have a breakfast before trekking down to the South-west of Sapa to visit 2 villages of the red Dzao, the H’mong. Visit a beautiful waterfall and rattan bridge. Enjoy landscapes… through bamboo forest to the main road to catch the Car to return to Sapa for lunch,
in the afternoon, start a short walk downhill through beautiful orchid gardens and pine forests. You will then reach a small village of Cat Cat village is inhabited by Hmong ethnic minority. Their house normally built of land has no windows because of the cold in the winter.
You will then continue your walk through rice paddy fields and spectacular scenery downhill. Here you can experience the unmixed cultural life of Black Hmong largest ethnic groups in the area. They live happily together while maintaining their own tradition from generation to generation. You can recognize them by dressing while they are both very famous of handicraft. You will enjoy walking among local people. The trip also offers you the opportunity to visit the local houses. Then our vehicle will be waiting for us for our drive back to Sapa
Overnight at hotel in Sapa
069B Viet Nam, Fansipan, TT. Sa Pa, Sa Pa, Lào Cai
0214 3772 123
Day 3: 10th Sep: Sapa- Hanoi by limousine bus Hanoi (B)
After breakfast, have cup of coffee, seeing slow world gone by your vision, later pack your luggage and back to Hanoi by Limousine Van!